Mutations after the articles and of the attributive adjectives

 

Other languages

 

Mutations In singular nouns In plural nouns

Soft

 

K > G

P > B

T > D

G > C'H

GW > W

B > V

M > V

Feminine singular nouns

 

kador, ar gador

paner, ar baner

taol, an daol

godell, ar c'hodell

gwastell, ar wastell

bag, ar vag

mamm, ar vamm

 

The attributive adjectives of these nouns undergo the mutation

Masculine human plural nouns, except those finishing with -o¨

 

kelennerien, ar gelennerien

paotred, ar baotred

tud, an dud

gallaoued, ar c'hallaoued

gwerzherien, ar werzherien

bugale, ar vugale

mistri, ar vistri

 

The attributive adjectives of these nouns undergo the mutation

Mutation of the consonant K

 

K > C'H

Masculine singular nouns

 

ki, ar c'hi

 

The attributive adjectives of these nouns do not undergo the mutation

Other plural nouns

 

kador, ar c'hadorio¨

 

The attributive adjectives of these nouns do not undergo the mutation

 

Exceptions

 

- dor, an nor

 

- tra, an dra; an dra vat

The word tra, which is masculine, mutates as if it were feminine, like its attributive adjective

- ur plac'h vat; ur plac'h vrav

The word plac'h does not mutate. However its adjective does mutate by softening

 

- an dud kozh; ar vugale gla˝v; ar baotred pennek; ar vistr binvidik; ar soudarded trist; ar gelennerien dev

When the consonants K, P, T are at the beginning of adjective, they mutate only when the noun which precedes ends with an L, M, N, R, V or a vowel

 

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